By Peter Austin
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Diyari, South Australia
In addition, alternations such as those seen in the verb examples above (see ) can be accounted for by this analysis. Thus, [i:] arises through the suffixation of present tense yi to verbs ending in i. Long vowel analysis and examples are: phonetic [i:] [u:] phonemic iyi uwu example nhiyi kuwu gloss ‘elder brother’ ‘ignorant’ It is interesting to note that of the eighteen theoretically possible vowel-semi-vowelvowel sequences fourteen actually occur morpheme-internally, that is awa, awi, iwa, iwi, aya, uya, uyu, ayi, awu, iya, uwa, iyi, uwu; two occur at morpheme boundaries and not morpheme-internally, that is iwu, uyi; three never occur, that is uwi, ayu, iyu.
Man’ karna ‘old man’ pinarru ‘old woman’ wilhapina [‘kʌɳʌ] [‘pinʌru] [‘wiḻʌˌpinʌ] Verb (imperative inflected form) 2. ‘to hit’ nandra ‘to close’ ngandrawalka [‘ɳʌndrʌ] [‘ŋʌndrʌˌwɒlkʌ] Chapter 2 Phonology 41 Noun root + derivation 3. ‘man-pl’ ‘old man-pl’ ‘old woman-pl’ karnawara pinarruwara [‘kʌɳʌˌwɒɽʌ] [‘pinʌruˌwɒɽʌ] wilhapinawara [‘wiḻʌˌpinʌˌwɒɽʌ] Verb root + derivation + inflection 4. ‘hit-recip-pres’ nandramaliyi ‘to close-pass-pres’ ngandrawalkatharriyi Noun root + (derivation) + inflection 5.
E. e. 1). 2 Case forms of polysyllables. Singular common nouns which have trisyllabic nominative (uninflected) stems ending in i or u change this to a in all other case forms. Consider the examples: nominative locative ablative ‘father’ ngapiri ngapiranhi ngapirandru ‘man’ ‘mud’ mathari pulyurru matharanhi pulyurranhi matharandru pulyurrandru ‘old man’ pinarru pinarranhi pinarrandru and compare them with the following disyllables: ‘youth’ ‘boy’ thari kanku tharinhi kankunhi tharindru kankundru These examples show that the case inflections are -nhi and -ndrru and that the final vowel of trisyllables is neutralized to a in inflected forms.