Download A Grammar of Lao by Enfield, N.J. PDF

By Enfield, N.J.

Lao is the nationwide language of Laos, and can also be spoken commonly in Thailand and Cambodia. it's a tone language of the Tai-Kadai family members (Southwestern Tai branch). Lao is an severe instance of the separating, analytic language kind. This publication is the main entire grammatical description of Lao thus far. It describes and analyses the real constructions of the language, together with classifiers, sentence-final debris, and serial verb buildings. detailed consciousness is paid to grammatical issues from a semantic, pragmatic, and typological viewpoint.

Show description

Read or Download A Grammar of Lao PDF

Similar instruction books

Essential Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises with Answers

This re-creation is carefully up-to-date and revised to accompany the 3rd version of crucial Grammar in Use. The booklet comprises 185 various workouts to supply scholars with additional perform of the grammar they've got studied.

The Word Brain: A Short Guide to Fast Language Learning

How lengthy does it take to benefit one other language? what percentage phrases can we have to research? Are languages in the succeed in of everyone? Which lecturers may we decide and which lecturers should still we keep away from? those are a number of the questions you wonder if you begin studying a brand new language. The observe mind presents the solutions.

The pocket Oxford Russian dictionary

This significant new version of the Pocket Oxford Russian Dictionary deals a totally new textual content derived from the newest version of the acclaimed Oxford Russian Dictionary, together with brand new vocabulary from all parts of lifestyles today--leisure, enterprise, commute, expertise - with new phrases in each one language.

Translation

In a time whilst thousands commute round the planet; a few by way of selection, a few pushed via financial or political exile, translation of the written and spoken note is of ever expanding value. This advisor offers readers with an available and interesting advent to the precious place translation holds inside of literature and society.

Extra info for A Grammar of Lao

Sample text

Related to this, Enfield, Kita and de Ruiter (2007c) investigate the use of pointing gestures during spatial descriptions in discourse by speakers of Lao. Two studies (Enfield 2003d, 2005a) have come from an investigation of the structural properties of ‘gesture diagrams’, and specifically their use for describing kinship relations and Lao kin terminology, their iconic properties, and their implications for the study of kinship and diagrammatic cognition. Enfield (2004b) presents a study of gestures made during native speaker descriptions of types of Lao fish traps, in which it is demonstrated that sequences of hand gestures show discourse-syntactic organization.

Much later, Sila’s proposals for the Lao orthography were also seen as less practical and more elitist, in opposition to fundamental principles of Phoumi’s revolutionary grammar (see below). Pierre Somchin Nginn was head of the long-standing Literary Committee, and presided over the publication of the Royal Lao Government official Grammar of Lao, published in 1972 (RLG 1972). Nginn’s view of Lao grammar and orthography was more progressive than Sila’s, whereby he partly followed a principle of simplicity and ‘phonetic’ spelling, while allowing for Indic etymology to be reflected in the spelling of borrowings, at least to the extent that existing Lao characters could facilitate this.

But pinpointing the distinctive features of this standard is complicated by the fact that the target is shifting. The pronunciation of Vientiane Lao is nowhere codified, and its form has been affected over the decades through major demographic changes, including influx of regional speakers, as wartime refugees during the 1960s and early 1970s, as incoming revolutionaries taking power immediately after 1975, and as economic migrants since the 1990s, permitted by increasing urban development and eased travel restrictions.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.59 of 5 – based on 45 votes