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By Wendy Murray

A few reflections:

(1) That Francis used to be a fine looking guy, as steered by means of the author,was hardly ever the case. we've modern pix of Francis exhibiting another way besides descriptions of his contemporaries resembling Thomas of Celano;

(2) That Francis used to be a womanizer, back urged via the writer, is uncertain. there is not any facts in any respect of this. In thirteenth Century Assisi, this sort of small city, it's going to were prohibitied until the writer is suggesting Francis visited homes of prostitution. there's no checklist of this in any respect. the writer is placing her twenty first Century inklings into the thirteenth Century;

(3) there is not any indication in any respect that Francis had any romantic feelings
toward Claire of Assisi. background is totally silent in this factor. the writer is true referring to Francis' and his love of Arthurian legends.
As an issue of heritage, the assumption of chivalric love prohibited sexual touch. woman Poverty was once simply that - a component of his mystical existence. And certainly the age distinction is suspect - Francis used to be nearly 30 whilst he switched over to the paranormal lifestyles - Claire turning 14 - 15;

(4) certain, Francis did visit warfare. the writer says he used to be a "warrior."
Such a note indicates a life-style which may not often painting the Francis of Assisi of old list. convinced, he went to conflict yet we don't have any concept of what he did. He may have killed or he might have been nursing the wounded in his first conflict. we do not understand. We do recognize he was once attempting to satisfy his father's aspirations whilst he armored as much as move at the Cursades. This enterprise, we all know, used to be interrupted via a magical occasion for Francis. He grew to become again and have become a knight of his Lord - the paranormal Christ who ultimately spoke to him at Daniano. was once he then a "failed knight?" as instructed by means of the writer. Francis suggestion in a different way. the matter the following seems to be the author's loss of non secular intuition which might make such occasions incomprehensible. If whatever should be stated approximately Francis at this juncture is that he did not stay as much as his father's needs - a failed son instead of a failed knight. the connection among Francis and his father is a gold mine that merits mental scrutiny - to be certain a Freudian could come to another end than a Jungian.

(5)The writer contends that he created friendship with the Muslims. hugely exagerated. Francis used to be a medieval guy and probably idea as such a lot medieval Christians the idea of the hugely influential Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, the 1st preacher of the Crusades a century prior. Bernard stated "to kill a Muslim isn't really to dedicate homocide." Francis faced the Sultan through the Crusades. at the moment he justified the killing going as being worthy until eventually the Muslims authorised the Gospel of Jesus Christ. On his go back from the Crusades he not just didn't hold forth opposed to the Crusades yet his Order, the Franciscans, have been ordered through the Pope to evangelise the Crusades. during this skill, they went from city to city to elevate males, cash and fabric for the Crusades. Had it now not been for the Franciscans the Crusades couldn't have occurred in that century. No objections from the founder here;

There are many solid books on Saint Francis. this isn't considered one of them. the writer lacks the spirit of the age, the spiritual intuition that could understand what the actors are dealing with. i'm sorry to claim this isn't reliable historical past. it really is sloppy heritage reflecting the sentiments of the current into the prior. Of the potential 5 stars I remove 3 for wish of heritage yet provide it one celebrity for the canopy and one superstar for the paper it truly is written on. Why punish the blameless no matter if inanimate?

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Around the turn of the millennium, as the world’s end seemed to draw near, this mutuality manifested itself in secular emperors utilizing holy offices of the Church as tentacles of power. Predictably, the mixing of religious office and political power eroded the congeniality. Relations disintegrated. In the late eleventh century an indignant Pope Gregory VII undertook sweeping reforms that prohibited further use of Church offices as imperial vassals. The pope and the then soon-to-be-emperor, King Henry IV of Germany, exchanged hostile attacks in letters that were a portent of the disintegration of relations that would define Church and empire throughout the Middle Ages.

The piazza laid a line of demarcation between Assisi’s landed nobility, who lived in the upper part of the town, and the rising merchant class, who dwelled on the lower 0465002085_Text 5/5/08 11:43 AM Page 11 Assisi’s Son 11 end. The Bernadones lived in il sotto, while Clare’s family, the noble Favorones of the house of Offreduccio, by contrast, lived in la sopra near the piazza of San Rufino. This was the exclusive section of town claimed by the nobility because of its proximity to the city’s imperial fortress.

For the honor and security of your church, in the name of Almighty God, Father, Son and Holy Ghost, I withdraw, through your power and authority, from Henry the king, son of Henry the emperor, who has risen against your church with unheard of insolence, the rule over the whole kingdom of the Germans and over Italy. And I absolve all Christians from the bonds of the oath which they have made or shall make to him; and I forbid any one to serve him as king. 5 0465002085_Text 5/5/08 11:43 AM Page 7 Assisi’s Son 7 In time, Pope Gregory revoked King Henry’s ban, but the damage was irreversible.

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