This quantity employs a pragmatic, problem-solving method of realizing the precise chemistry, kinetics and mechanisms of polymer synthesis. It presents a entire research of the equipment of synthesis and methods of characterization special to polymers. There are over 2000 equations, literature references, drawings, illustrative examples, workouts, and worked-out difficulties and solutions to enhance crucial strategies mentioned through the textual content.
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Additional info for Advanced Polymer Chemistry
Of new polymers, the previous definition of condensation polymer is inadequate. , a diol and a diisocyanate), which react without eliminating any small molecule. To overcome such problems, chemists have introduced a definition which describes condensation polymers as consisting of structural units joined by internal functional groups such as ester (-~n-O-), amide 0 /CO- 0 (-~-NH-), imide (-N\c0),_ urethane (-O-~-NH-),Q sulfide (-S-), ether 0 (-0-), carbonate (-O-~-O-), and sulfone (-~"-) linkages.
Thus, the word ’hexamethylene’ in poly(hexamethylene adipamide) obviously implies hexamethylene diamine because the polymeric structure could be made by considering hexamethylene diamine H2N(CH2)6NH~,and adipic acid, HOOC(CH~)4COOH. dibasic acids are named according their trivial names HOOC-COOH oxalic acid, HOOC(CH2)COOH malonic acid, HOOC(CH2)2COOH succinic acid, and so on. There is an alternative naming system for synthetic polyamides from unsubstituted nonbranched aliphatic monomers. A polyamide made from either an amino acid or a lactam is called nylon-z, where z is the number of carbon atoms in the repeating unit.
11) proceed either by chain or step mechanisms, depending on the particular monomer, reaction conditions, and initiator employed. However, the polymers produced in Eqs. , ether, amide) in the polymer chain. Such polymerizations thus point out very clearly that one must distinguish between the classification based on polymerization mechanism and that based on polymer structure. The two classifications cannot always be used interchangeably. Both structure and mechanismare usually needed in order to clearly classify a polymer.