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By Bill Yenne

Whilst the Oracle of Delphi advised Alexander the good that he was once invincible, it used to be right.

The son of the good King Philip II of Macedonia, Alexander used to be proficient by way of Aristotle and commanded a wing of his father's military within the victory over the Thebans and Athenians on the conflict of Chaeronea-all whilst he was once nonetheless only a teen. by the point of his dying at age 32, he had collected an empire that stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River and incorporated all of Persia and so much of Egypt. He governed as either the shah of Persia and as a pharaoh of Egypt by way of correct of conquest, and he was once additionally topped king of Asia.

Here, historian invoice Yenne illuminates the mythical imaginative and prescient of this classical hero. showing the simplest features of a battlefield chief, Alexander was once audacious, competitive, fearless and successful. His unfailing integration of strategic imaginative and prescient and tactical genius took him to the ends of the earth, and into immortality as an army chief. Alexander's impact on cultural and political heritage and the scope of his army prowess is still awe-inspiring to at the present time.

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Additional info for Alexander the Great: Lessons from History's Undefeated General

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The battle lines were drawn on opposite sides of the river, with Alexander to the north and west, and the Persians to the south and east. This being early May, 334 BC, the river was running high, and the Persians probably saw it as a decisive natural barrier. They could wait on their side and pick off Alexander’s troops as they struggled ashore. Alexander’s plan of attack against the Persian defenses is described by Arrian of Nicomedia (Lucius Flavius Arrianus) in his Anabasis Alexandri, or The Campaigns of Alexander.

Here Alexander faced Orontobates, Caria’s satrap, who was supported by Memnon of Rhodes, the mercenary commander against whom he had done battle at Granicus. In turn, Alexander formed an alliance with Ada, the daughter of a former satrap, Hacatomnus. Having married her brother Idrieus when he became the ruler, Ada became satrap herself when he died. She was then deposed by another brother, whose son-in-law, Orontobates, took over from him. Ada was still in possession of the nearby hilltop fortress of Alinda, and this she surrendered to Alexander.

He also killed all of the relatives of his stepmother Cleopatra, including Attalus, so that there would be no pretenders to his throne to cause trouble in his absence. He made sacrifices to the gods in accordance with custom, and he went to Delphi. Here, as interpreted by the Pythian priestess, the oracle told him that he was invincible. That was all he needed to hear. Ω LONG LIVE THE KING Ω 25 Alexander headed for the Hellespont, where Parmenio had already seized a bridgehead between Sestus on the European side and the old Thracian city of Abydos in Asia Minor.

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